Assessor & Property Tax Records
Search for property tax records, land records. Below sources include state, city and county tax assessor information for property tax records helping you with your search.
What is an assessor: A government official who evaluates appraises you property for taxation. He or she establishes the assessed value of your property by appraising the value of that property according to rules set by state laws,.
What is Property Tax: assessment is assessed by city and county governments on real and personal property to generate the bulk of their operating revenues to pay for such public services as schools, libraries and roads.
If you need to research the background on a property or to find values or the current ownership or ownership history then assessor's office is the best place to start. They hold all documentation on every parcel of land or property whitin every city or jurisdiction. Most assessor's offices are organized by counties. Property informaiton is usually computerized and can easily be researched.
Some online background checks do include property ownership for people you do searches on. Property records also are helpful when you are trying to locate people or even for finding marriage and divorce information since a lot of married couples do hold properties as joint owners.
Property Tax Records by State
Property Tax Records Glossary
A glossary of terms relating to assessments, appraisals and property tax valuation is included below to help you better understand any research you need to conduct to find or locate people or their propeties or lookinto valuation or taxes on properties:
A reduction in taxes allowed upon qualifying for statutory tax relief such as circuit breaker, indigent, blind, or veteran exemption. You may have to apply for tax relief each year.
Is the act or process of developing an opinion of value. An appraisal is done to develop such opinion based on research into appropriate market areas, the assemblage of pertinent date, the use of appropriate analytical techniques, and the application of knowledge, experience, and professional judgement to develop an appropriate solution to an appraisal problem.
An unique number assigned to each piece of real property within any County. All Board of Equalization appeals are filed by this number. The parcel number is located on the left side of the Valuation Notice near the top and contains 14 digits separated by dashes, e.g., 36-18-480-003-0000.
Any tangible property other than real estate which is not attached to the land. Some characteristics used to determine whether the property is movable in a fashion that it will not create damage to the the real estate or to itself. Some examples are; furniture and furnishings not built into the structure such as as refrigerators and freestanding shelves, gasoline station pumps, storage tanks, manufacturing equipment, supplies, machinery, or other types of equipment. It also includes all most types of motor vehicles.
A tax that is described as ad valorem...This tax is based solely upon value. Essentially it is the amount of money necessary for local government to pay for services it provides such as police and fire protection, schools, roads, parks, libraries, and the court system.
A reduction in tax granted to persons with low incomes who are legally blind, are disabled veterans, or who have extreme financial hardship. Each program has specific eligibility requirements set by state law and County Policy. To be eligible YOU must file annually. Usually the Treasurer or the assessor administers the tax relief program.
Tax representative. A person who represents another taxpayer before the Board of Equalization and is registered with the Auditor.
The fair market value less any applicable reduction allowed for exemptions. Taxes due on a property are calculated by multiplying the taxable value by the tax rate.
Truth in Taxation Notice
Also called the Valuation Notice or Notice of Property Valuation and Tax Change and an estimate of taxes due for the current year compared to last year. It is the notice mailed by the Auditor and shows the Assessor's valuation.
Vacancy and Collection Loss
The deduction of income that is allowed for reductions in potential gross income attributable to vacancies, tenant turnover, and nonpayment of rent or other income. It can be attributed to the physical vacancy as a loss in income, or collection losses caused by concessions or default by tenants.
The actual date in time when real property improvements were placed into service, or when construction of the improvements was completed.
State law mandates that all property is subject to taxation unless otherwise exempted. Your property tax supports necessary services provided to the residents of your county or city. These include law enforcement, fire protection, education, parks and recreation, and other vital services.
Tax is based on the assessed value.Ttax bills show land and improvement values. Improvements include all assessable buildings and structures on the land. It does not necessarily mean that you have recently “improved” your property.
In general, properties that are owned and used by educational,charitable, religious or government organizations may be exempt from certain property taxes. You may also qualify for certain exemptions.
What Does the Assessor Do?
The Office of the Assessor has the following four primary responsibilities:
- To locate all taxable property in the County and identify ownership.
- To establish a tax value for all property subject to taxation.
- To complete an assessment roll showing the assessed values of all property.
- To apply all legal exemptions.
The primary responsibility of the Assessor is to find the fair market value of your property, not to establish the amount of your tax. Buyers and sellers in the market create value, and the Assessor studies the market and collects information about properties to estimate value. Revaluation does not necessarily determine whether or not your tax will increase. It is only one element of a process that results in the final amount you are taxed.
The Assessor also keeps track of ownership changes, maintains maps of parcel boundaries, keeps description of buildings and property characteristics up to date, and, most important, analyzes trends in sales prices, construction costs, and rents to estimate the value of all assessable property.
The county tax assessor-collector is an elected official with a four-year term. The statutory responsibilities of the county tax assessor-collector include the assessment of property and collection of ad valorem taxes for the county. These statutory responsibilities have been modified somewhat in recent years with the creation of the county central appraisal districts, although in some counties the county tax assessor-collector also serves as the head of the central appraisal district. Today, it is the central appraisal district which determines the taxable value of property for all taxing entities in the county. The county tax assessor-collector is also responsible for registering voters, issuing liquor, beer and wine licenses, collecting the sales tax on automobiles, issuing and collecting fees for automobile registrations and transfers of title.
The Treasurer and Tax Collector collects secured and unsecured taxes. Secured taxes are taxes on real property, such as vacant land, structures on land, i.e. business/office building, home, apartments, etc. Unsecured taxes are taxes on assessments such as office furniture, equipment, airplanes and boats